Every human relies on Stem Cells that help their body to develop and grow into an adult. Stem Cells help build new tissue to the body and replace damaged or worn-out cells, and they also help heal broken bones and cut or burned skin.
Because of the latter, Stem Cells are very important in healing processes and cell renewal.
Stem Cells have basically two main characteristics: the first one is the ability to divide and duplicate their shape in a self-renewal process; and the second one is their capacity to become Specialized Cells, phenomenon known as Differentiation.
Stem Cells research plays a big role in Regenerative Medicine, also spanning many disciplines such as Tissue Engineering, Cellular Therapeutics, Chemical Biology and Developmental Cell Biology.
Nowadays, Regenerative Medicine is advancing rapidly in many health and medicine areas, improving disease diagnosis and prevention of diseases, and helping in the healing process of injuries and illnesses.