Adult Stem Cells therapies are being developed all the time, beneficiating the health of more than one million patients worldwide. Among the diseases and disorders treated with Adult Stem Cells therapy one can find: Brain cancer, Retinoblastoma, Ovarian cancer, Skin cancer, Testicular cancer, tumors, Lymphomas (Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin’s), Multiple Myeloma, Myelodysplasia, Breast cancer, Neuroblastoma and Renal cell carcinoma.
There is approximately one Adult Stem Cell for every 100,000 other cells, making the Adult Stem Cell the smallest type of cells to exist in our body, although it can be found in many tissues. Researchers use a unique protein located on the surface of the cells, called receptors, to identify them from the other cells. These receptors transport chemical messages from other cells as part of cell-to-cell communication, so researchers usually “tag” these messages on the Stem Cell with fluorescent molecules. When these molecules bind to the receptor on the surface of the Stem Cell, it will light up with a fluorescent color, so it can be identified and isolated.
Another capacity of Adult Stem Cells is the plasticity, which consists in the appearance of other types of cells that can be generated by Adult Stem Cells; for example, liver cells that can be coaxed to produce insulin, which is normally produced by the pancreas.
So there is still a lot to be discovered by these amazing type of Stem Cells that in the recent year have saved many lives and will continue healing and helping the health of many patients.