Their function is to be a repair system for the human body because they can divide themselves without limit to replenish other cells as long as the person is still alive. When a mother gives birth to a healthy baby, she donates umbilical cord blood that carries the progenitor’s cells; these Umbilical Cord Stem Cells have been used for so many years now in adults and children to treat diseases such as cancer and blood disorders, without having any secondary diseases (effects).
About the Umbilical Stem Cells therapy, most children receive the Stem Cells via a subcutaneous injection right into the tissues adjacent to the umbilicus, so cells can migrate from that area and start circulating in few hours or days. In teenagers and adults, the Stem Cells are given by IV drip. Blood may be reinjected so the number of growth factors given with the Stem Cells increase. The first changes usually appear by the third or fourth week after the treatment is done, and the main changes come during the first 180 days after the treatment. In rare occasions, some patients discover new improvements after a year or more, but on most people they start to diminish after six months.
The first two weeks after the treatment are considered very important because it is when the Stem Cells start to create safe homes to grow and multiply into more healthy Stem Cells. That is why patients need to avoid anything that can kill off the Stem Cells (by following a diet given by the doctors), and instead promote healthy Stem Cell growth.